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Outline of the Report:

“How Artificial Intelligence changing the world?”

1. Keywords

Human, Science, Job opportunity, Education sector, Health, Brain, Computer, Impact, Weapon, Terrorism, Customer satisfaction, Hacking

2. Introduction

In the modern era, science and technology have grown in such a way that it has become one of the everyday parts of human life. The field of science is developing rapidly, and new technologies are being invented day by day. Among the different fields of computer science, Artificial intelligence is also one of the fields that are being developed and improving every day. Artificial intelligence is a part of computer science that can perform tasks that need human intelligence. It is defined as the simulation of human intelligence that is processed by computer machines. Some of the artificial intelligence that is in use are manufacturing robots, self-driving cars, voice commands, and so on. Artificial intelligence is generally used for problem-solving and thinking capability.

3. History

4. Types of AI

i. Reactive Machine

ii. Limited Memory

iii. Theory of mind

iv. Self-awareness

5. Advantages of AI

a. Science and technology field

b. Education

c. Medicine and health

d. Job opportunity

e. Automation

f. Better information

g. Better use of resources

6. Negative Impact of AI

a. Unemployment

b. Potential of biased decision

c. Filter Bubbles

d. Missing the human touch

e. Autonomous weapon

f. Terrorism

g. Hacking

7. Misuse of AI

8. Summary

Thus, Artificial intelligence has helped people in different fields and sectors. Both adults and children are being benefited from using AI systems in the field of education, health, transportation, and communication. Even those AI machines have to help to solve the problems that we’re unable to solve by normal human brains. Although we are being dependent on AI in some areas and sectors, we should not be fully dependent on AI for survey work.

References

Rockwell, A. (2020, April 23). The history of Artificial Intelligence. Science in the News. Retrieved October 31, 2021, from https://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2017/history-artificial-intelligence/.

Reynoso, R. (n.d.). 4 main types of artificial intelligence – G2. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.g2.com/articles/types-of-artificial-intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence Benefits to society. DefinedCrowd®. (2021, May 24). Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.definedcrowd.com/blog/the-top-5-reasons-to-be-grateful-for-ai/.

Marr, B. (2020, March 9). What’s the impact of Artificial Intelligence and Technology on society. Forbes. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2020/03/09/whats-the-impact-of-artificial-intelligence-and-technology-on-society/?sh=48cd123c3098.

Morgan, L. (2021, August 13). Is automation an existential threat to developers? IT Pro. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.itprotoday.com/artificial-intelligence/automation-existential-threat-developers.

Can new tech like Ai Save Resources and the environment? Eco-innovation Action Plan – European Commission. (2019, October 20). Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://ec.europa.eu/environment/ecoap/about-eco-innovation/good-practices/can-new-tech-ai-save-resources-and-environment_en.

Schneier, B. (n.d.). The coming ai hackers. Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/coming-ai-hackers.

Artificial Intelligence. National Cancer Institute. (2020, August 31). Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.cancer.gov/research/areas/diagnosis/artificial-intelligence.

Okechukwu, J. (n.d.). Weapons powered by artificial intelligence need to be regulated. World Economic Forum. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/06/the-accelerating-development-of-weapons-powered-by-artificial-risk-is-a-risk-to-humanity/.

How Artificial Intelligence changing the world?

Sanjaya Kc

Computer Science

Texas A&M University-Commerce

Introduction

In the modern era, science and technology have grown in such a way that it has become one of the everyday parts of human life. The field of science is developing rapidly, and new technologies are being invented day by day. Among the different fields of computer science, Artificial intelligence is also one of the fields that are being developed and improving every day. Artificial intelligence is a part of computer science that can perform tasks that need human intelligence. It is defined as the simulation of human intelligence that is processed by computer machines. Some of the artificial intelligence that is in use are manufacturing robots, self-driving cars, voice commands, and so on. Artificial intelligence is generally used for problem-solving and thinking capability. It is a unique innovation that can develop human mankind. Artificial Intelligence has been backbone for the development of the science and technology. The use of it can be find in each and every field. The use of Artificial Intelligence in our lives is increasing day by day. From a common person to the scientist or doctors the uses of it have rapidly increased. The impact of AI can be seen in every aspect of human life. It has helped in many sectors of human life. From an advance or difficult work to a simple work the use of it can be found. There are many advantages of using artificial intelligence. It has helped people in the treatment of diseases, improvement of health, education system, job opportunity, and so on. AI can outperform human in almost every cognitive task. People have different thoughts on AI like destroying humanity and saving humanity. AI has found its way and have adapt into our daily lives.

History of Artificial Intelligence

In the year 1956, one of the great American scientists discovered Artificial Intelligence.

According to him “An Artificial intelligence is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines”. In simple words, it is a technique or phenomenon of getting the machine to work and behave like humans. John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky held a conference and had invited all the top researchers from various parts of the world. The term Artificial Intelligence was coined at that event with a discussion of all the top researchers from various fields. According to Anyoha “Despite this, everyone whole-heartedly aligned with the sentiment that AI was achievable. The significance of this event cannot be undermined as it catalyzed the next twenty years of AI research.”

Types of Artificial Intelligence

There are different types of artificial intelligence-based upon their functions and ability. Mainly there are four types of AI which are listed below:

1. Reactive Machine

“Reactive machines are the most basic type of AI system which cannot form memories or use past experiences to influence present-made decisions so that they can only react to currently existing situations (Rebecca, 2020).” It does not consist of any concept.

2. Limited Memory

Limited memory is comprised of machine learning models that is obtain knowledge from previously learned information, stored data, or events. It is not like reactive machines; limited memory learns from the past by observing actions or data fed to them in order to build experiential knowledge (Rebecca, 2020)

3. Theory of mind

Theory of mind is a type of artificial intelligence which is based upon decision making ability similar like human mind by machines. We can find lot of technologies that is based on this type of AI.

4. Self-awareness

Self-awareness AI is known as the machines that includes the human level of consciousness in the system. This type of AI cannot be found in this time and is also called as the most advanced form of AI.

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence

There are numerous advantages of artificial intelligence which has impacted human society in various sectors of life. Nowadays many companies have introduced artificial intelligence for their marketing and sales resulting in more consumption of products and services in society. Due to the high consumption of products and services, there is required manpower for the manufacture of goods and services which can create job opportunities in the society. An AI framework that can change a huge measure of perplexing and vague information into knowledge might uncover since quite a while ago held insider facts and backing people to settle a portion of the world’s most enduring issues. In our present life, AI frameworks have been sent in a wide scope of utilizations (Marr, 2020). Consistently, we use AI without monitoring it. At the point when we utilize our debit or credit cards to purchase products, it is an AI that chooses whether this exchange must be supported or not. AI intelligence has likewise set out work open doors in the medical field. AI over the tremendous measure of information into significant parts and to comprehend this significant piece, specialists and medical attendants are required. What’s more, additionally to treat patients, a specialist and attendant are fundamental. The AI simply assists with acquiring the fundamental data about the patient. Thus, we can say that man-made brainpower is setting out work open doors in the field of medication as well.

Automation has changed drastically in these recent years. Manual scripting and low-code visuals were used in the automation work (Morgan, 2021). But due to the impact of Artificial intelligence, it is changed to digital giving the system more speed and efficiency. Since the system is faster and has more efficiency, it has given customers more satisfaction resulting from the growth in production and sales. Many equipment and tools have been formed for making automation work easy (Morgan, 2021).

The advancing of artificial intelligence and the development of new technology have led the gloomy environment into a bright future. The technology has helped us for the research on them and knows life and habitat of the resources. AI can help us to solve save energy and resources. AI can mediate at basic focuses along the food framework esteem chain, from creation to utilization, and improve our ability to in a general sense adjust the way we produce, interact, and purchase food by better advising land-use arranging practices (Eco-innovation, 2019). AI can help energy providers move from preventive to prescient resource the board and help energy-serious areas recognize and work on their exhibition. It can make ready for greener, more brilliant vehicle organizations, and independent vehicles. It can handle food security issues, anticipate food-borne sickness and starvation, just as work on the economic administration of land, water, and other ecological assets basic to more extensive biological system wellbeing.

The improvement of artificial intelligence and admittance to further developed information has helped the field of medication take big jumps, supporting endeavors in research, conclusion, and treatment. Artificial intelligence has saved the hour of individuals while doing research and experiment different medication, and it has likewise helped the treatment of individuals more effectively than previously. Cell phones and different electronic gadgets are changed over to individual health assistants because of AI, which has worked on the individual health, and has diminished the expense cost for health services. It is assisting with creating progressed in medication which can cure present moment just as long-term infections and diseases. Artificial intelligence is doctors, medical attendants, and other medical care experts settle on better diagnoses and quicker choices on a course of therapy, in view of the huge measure of information that presently exists. AI permits doctors to pinpoint successful medications that might have in any case been ignored and can recognize higher hazard people before any human can (DefinedCrowd, 2021). It will make it simpler for an individual to utilize their data about omics to improve the state of human wellbeing. The country which are suffering from poverty and has not good health services can use this technology to provide good health care services. It does not help to improve the health service of poor country but can also improve societies to know the knowledge and information of health and medicine for their betterment. It is also used to diagnose the cancer. “Scientists in NCI’s (National Cancer Institute) intramural research program are leveraging the capabilities of AI to improve cancer screening in cervical and prostate cancer. The full potential of the MRI-guided biopsy developed by NCI researchers is being realized in clinics without prostate cancer–specific expertise because of this AI tool. New AI algorithms under development now aim to surpass the capabilities of well-trained radiologists by enabling the prediction of patient outcomes from MRI (National Cancer Institute, 2020).

Negative Impact of Artificial Intelligence

Hackers are going to AI and utilizing it to weaponize malware and assaults to counter the progressions made in network safety arrangements. For example, criminals use AI to disguise malignant codes in harmless applications. They program the codes to execute at a particular time, say ten months after the applications have been introduced, or when a designated number of clients have preferred the applications. This is to amplify the effects such assaults will cause. Covering such codes and data requires the use of AI models and inferring private keys to control the spot and time the malware will execute (Schneier, 2021).

Many people still think of artificial intelligence as a threat to human existence. It can take away some of the jobs and also transferred some of the jobs from the world. For example, it can easily take warehouse, security, receptionist, server, doctor and so on. Although it can create job opportunities in society, people need to train and get skilled for the job. Not all the people in this world can get trained because of poverty or other circumstance.

Filter Bubble refers to the issue which has a huge effect on a person social media, advertisements, and web searches history. It creates an informational barrier where the individual is prevented from exposing their opposite viewpoints which can result in lack of connection between the people. Curating the details to what we need to see than to what we wanted to see will create a huge and long-lasting issues.

AI machines are emotionless. They have no idea what is right or wrong. These autonomous weapon or machines make decisions on their own which might cause harm to the employees of the company. Similarly, there is a huge controversy of AI in military (Okechukwu, n.d). For instance, the Martens Clause prioritizes human dignity and the capacity of soldiers to show compassion toward their fellow humans. But robots powered by lines of code do not have the capacity to make such decisions yet and could end up flouting the rules. Another concern about violations of IHL is underscored by the potential for L.A.W.S. to act of their own accord.

AI is developing vastly which requires new updates with the latest requirements. Similarly, it

requires more cost for its maintenance and repair. Hence, AI machines are enormous; its

creation cost a huge amount of money. AI is performing work more efficiently which is why humans are more addicted and depended on machines. This is making humans lazier as they tend to use machines more every small work. AI machines are emotionless. Although they perform task more efficiently and fast, but they lack teamwork. Teamwork is very essential to achieve a goal on any organization which is not possible with AI machines.

Advanced technology is taking over the world however it is abused. One of the biggest misuses of AI is deepfakes. Deepfakes are AI-generated media in which a person’s face or video is swapped with the other person who looks like. At the point when AI outperforms human knowledge, if a robot turns out to be freer, the individual will lose their capacity to control those robots. Remember that we need to have control while making AI and these AI ought to be created in a protected and efficient manner. However, we are not having the option to keep control to make this AI. Individuals are making this sort of AI without alluding to future catastrophes.

Conclusion

Thus, Artificial intelligence has helped people in different fields and sectors. Both adults and children are being benefited from using AI systems in the field of education, health, transportation, and communication. Even those AI machines have to help to solve the problems that we’re unable to solve by normal human brains. Although we are being dependent on AI in some areas and sectors, we should not be fully dependent on AI for survey work.

References

Rockwell, A. (2020, April 23). The history of Artificial Intelligence. Science in the News. Retrieved October 31, 2021, from https://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2017/history-artificial-intelligence/.

Reynoso, R. (n.d.). 4 main types of artificial intelligence – G2. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.g2.com/articles/types-of-artificial-intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence Benefits to society. DefinedCrowd®. (2021, May 24). Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.definedcrowd.com/blog/the-top-5-reasons-to-be-grateful-for-ai/.

Marr, B. (2020, March 9). What’s the impact of Artificial Intelligence and Technology on society. Forbes. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2020/03/09/whats-the-impact-of-artificial-intelligence-and-technology-on-society/?sh=48cd123c3098.

Morgan, L. (2021, August 13). Is automation an existential threat to developers? IT Pro. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.itprotoday.com/artificial-intelligence/automation-existential-threat-developers.

Can new tech like Ai Save Resources and the environment? Eco-innovation Action Plan – European Commission. (2019, October 20). Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://ec.europa.eu/environment/ecoap/about-eco-innovation/good-practices/can-new-tech-ai-save-resources-and-environment_en.

Schneier, B. (n.d.). The coming ai hackers. Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/coming-ai-hackers.

Artificial Intelligence. National Cancer Institute. (2020, August 31). Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.cancer.gov/research/areas/diagnosis/artificial-intelligence.

Okechukwu, J. (n.d.). Weapons powered by artificial intelligence need to be regulated. World Economic Forum. Retrieved November 1, 2021, from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/06/the-accelerating-development-of-weapons-powered-by-artificial-risk-is-a-risk-to-humanity/.

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