For this question, respond to the following prompts:
- What are the differences between unethical behavior and violations of human rights?
- Provide an example of each, and explain why there was an indication of unethical behavior or violation of human rights.
- Describe how each situation might be rectified.
- What activities have you been aware of in the Higher Education setting that focused on ethical behavior, respect for diversity, and civil discourse? As you address this question, recall that diversity can include the following: exceptionalities, ethnicity, gender, orientation, intelligence, age, socioeconomic status, culture, religion, native language.
- State if these initiatives were effective. Why or why not? What changes would you recommend to enhance their effectiveness?
- Include support from the literature in your post. Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2012). Critical thinking: Tools for taking charge of your learning and your life (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
TOOLS FOR TAKING CHARGE OF YOUR LEARNING AND YOUR LIFE
Richard Paul and Linda Elder
· Chapter 14,
. This chapter focuses on foundations of ethical reasoning, including:
. Ethical principles are not a matter of subjective preference.
. All reasonable people are obligated to respect clear-cut ethical concepts and principles.
. To reason well through ethical issues, we must know how to apply ethical concepts and principles to those issues.
. Ethical concepts and principles must be distinguished from the norms and taboos of society and peer groups, religious teachings, political ideologies, and the law.
. The most significant barriers to sound ethical reasoning are the egocentrism and sociocentrism of human beings.
Although the principles outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are universally accepted in theory, even democratic countries do not necessarily live in accordance with them. For example, the New York Times (“Amnesty Finds ‘Widespread Pattern’ of U.S. Rights Violations,” Oct. 5, 1998, p. A11) reported that Amnesty International was citing the United States for violating fundamental human rights. The Amnesty International report stated that “police forces and criminal and legal systems have a persistent and widespread pattern of human rights violations.”
In the report, Amnesty International protested a U.S. failure “to deliver the fundamental promise of rights for all.” The report states, “Across the country thousands of people are subjected to sustained and deliberate brutality at the hands of police officers. Cruel, degrading, and sometimes life-threatening methods of constraint continue to be a feature of the U.S. criminal justice system.”
Pierre Sane, Secretary General of Amnesty International for 6 years, said, “We felt it was ironic that the most powerful country in the world uses international human rights laws to criticize others but does not apply the same standards at home.”
Every country agrees in theory to the importance of fundamental human rights. In practice, though, they often fail to uphold those rights.